security and medicare

A spouse is eligible after a one-year duration of marriage requirement is met and a divorced spouse is eligible for spousal benefits if the marriage lasted for at least ten years and the person applying is not currently married. Payment of benefits to a divorced spouse does not reduce the Social Security benefits of the retired worker or family members of the retired worker, such as the worker’s current spouse. A divorced person can claim spousal benefits once the former spouse is eligible for retirement benefits, regardless of whether the former spouse has claimed those retirement benefits. For some types of Social Security benefits, benefits are not reduced or increased based on the age the benefits are first claimed.

If the worker has fewer than 35 years of covered earnings these non-contributory years are assigned zero earnings. The sum of the highest 35 years of adjusted or indexed earnings divided by 420 produces a person’s Average Indexed Monthly Earnings or AIME. In the past, legislation has been enacted to prevent trust fund depletion.

Spousal Benefits

Receiving Social Security benefits under your FRA could cause you to lose some of that money back to the government if your income is high enough. The Social Security Earnings Test withholds $1 from your checks for every $2 you earn above $21,240 per year in 2023 ($19,560 in 2022) if you will be under your FRA all year. If you’ll reach your FRA in 2023, it’ll take $1 for every $3 you earn over $56,520 in 2023 ($51,960 in 2022) if you reach this amount before your FRA. Once you’re past your FRA, the government recalculates your benefit to include the amount it withheld. Claiming benefits before your full retirement age reduces your checks.


Bill Mears, Justices deny benefits for child conceived after death of a parent . Supreme Court case of Helvering v. Davis, the Court examined the constitutionality of Social Security when George Davis of the Edison Electric Illuminating Company of Boston sued in connection with the Social Security tax. The U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts first upheld the tax. The District Court judgment was reversed by the Circuit Court of Appeals. Commissioner Guy Helvering of the Bureau of Internal Revenue took the case to the Supreme Court, and the Court upheld the validity of the tax.

Everything You Need to Know About Social Security Benefits

The bequest effect occurs when a Social Security Benefits payer recognizes a decrease in resources stemming from the Social Security tax and compensates by increasing personal savings to cover future expected costs of having children. In the next graph the depicted net benefits are averaged for people turning age 65 anytime during the years 2005 through 2045. (In other words, the disparities shown are not related to retirement.) However, we do see the impact of gender and wage level. Because women tend to live longer, they generally collect Social Security benefits for a longer time.


If you expect Social Security to be your only source of income, you can still make the most out of it by waiting to claim at your full Social Security benefit age or later. When you claim before your full retirement age, your monthly benefit could be reduced by as much as 30 percent.

Help Stop Fraud in State Government

In 1984, the portion of the benefits potentially subject to tax was 50%. Moreover, since the taxable income threshold is not indexed to inflation, the portion of beneficiaries’ social security payments subject to income tax has risen significantly in real terms since the threshold was set in 1984. About 42 million retired workers receive benefits and another 3 million individuals receive benefits as spouses or children of retired workers. A total of 6 million people receive benefits as survivors of deceased workers, including 3.7 million aged widows and widowers and 1.9 million children.

  • Two broad categories of private pension plans are “defined benefit pension plans” and “defined contribution pension plans.” Of these two, Social Security is more similar to a defined benefit pension plan.
  • “Perspectives from the President’s Commission on Social Security reform”.
  • Last fall, nearly 2 in 5 of the 1,429 retirees The Senior Citizens League surveyed reported that their standard of living had worsened since March of 2020—and they had depleted savings faster than planned.
  • Consider downsizing or paying off your mortgage before you retire.
  • The U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts first upheld the tax.

Due to changing needs or personal preferences, a person may go back to work after retiring. In this case, it is possible to get Social Security retirement or survivors benefits and work at the same time. A worker who is of full retirement age or older may keep all benefits, after taxes, regardless of earnings.

While the employers OASDI rate remained at 6.2% giving 10.4% total rate. People who have worked long enough may also be able to receive Social Security Disability Insurance benefits as well as Supplemental Security Income benefits.


The early age has not changed, but the monthly benefit amount paid at the early retirement age is lower if a person has a higher FRA. For example, when the FRA was age 65, the early retirement benefit was 80 percent of the worker’s PIA. For a person with a FRA of 67, the early retirement benefit is 70 percent of PIA. If a person first claims a retirement benefit at the full retirement age , the individual will receive a monthly benefit amount equal to 100 percent of the individual’s primary insurance amount . If first claimed before the FRA, the monthly benefit amount is smaller than 100 percent of PIA and if claimed after the FRA the monthly amount is higher than 100 percent of PIA. Sometimes the full retirement age is referred to as the normal retirement age. The program has worked fairly well so far, but many people fear for the future, when there will be fewer workers to support a greater number of Social Security recipients.

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